What Causes Infertility in Women?

What Causes Infertility in Women

There’s no joy equal to holding your little bundle of joy for the first time. While parenting has its fair share of challenges, it is very fulfilling in more ways than one. Wanting to be a parent but being unable to because of infertility can be heart-wrenching and disappointing. With advances in medicine, infertility clinics are giving a ray of hope to millions of would-be mothers.

Infertility in Women

Infertility is characterized by the inability to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse. Subfertility means that couples have difficulty getting pregnant, but can do so with medical assistance. This affects 10% of all women and can be caused by various factors, and may either be temporary or permanent.

Infertility can be very nerve-wracking. The good news is that there are many treatment options available when you want to start a family. Depending on your medical history, age, and fertility problems, you can choose from different treatments. You can find help from qualified infertility clinics like MCRM Fertility and check for underlying issues that need treatment.

Causes of Female Infertility

There are many possible causes of infertility in women that can be treated with lifestyle changes and medications. In women, infertility may be due to ovulatory dysfunction, tubal blockage, or endometriosis. Some reasons for infertility are genetic or physical, while others are related to lifestyle factors and habits. Most women don’t realize they’re infertile until they try to become pregnant.

Hormonal Imbalances

If you have irregular menstrual cycles or no periods, it could be because of hormone imbalances. Stress, diet, genetics, and age can disturb your body’s natural balance of hormones. Hormones are chemical substances produced by the body that regulate its functions, such as reproduction. The most important hormone involved in reproduction is estrogen which regulates the release of eggs by the ovaries each month during ovulation. If there is a deficiency or excess in estrogen levels, it will affect ovulation and cause infertility in women.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a common cause of infertility resulting from hormonal imbalances in the body. It causes an imbalance between male and female hormones, resulting in an overproduction of testosterone. Testosterone prevents ovulation from occurring regularly or at all. If you have PCOS, your body produces high levels of androgen that cause ovarian cysts and abnormal hormone production. There are too many follicles growing on your ovaries instead of just one egg sac during ovulation.  Around 5-10 % of all women have PCOS and may experience weight gain. If you have polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), then you will not be able to conceive.

Uterine Fibroids

Fibroids are another common cause of infertility in women. The tumors prevent an embryo from attaching itself to the uterine wall for implantation into the womb during pregnancy. These noncancerous tumors grow on or near the uterus wall, causing heavy menstrual bleeding and pain during intercourse. Fibroids can also make it difficult for sperm to reach an egg because they can compress the fallopian tubes. If you have uterine fibroids, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove them before trying to get pregnant again.


As you grow older, your chances of getting pregnant decrease. Women are born with all the eggs they will ever have, and as time goes by, those eggs shed or become less likely to fertalize; this means it becomes harder for women to get pregnant. This is why older women face problems conceiving. Women aged 35 and above have lower chances of becoming pregnant than younger women.

Smoking and Drinking

Smoking or drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can affect your ability to have children. These habits reduce the quality and quantity of your eggs and affect how sperm swims around inside your body. They also make it more likely to get sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia and gonorrhea. This can also make it harder for you to become pregnant. Both can also lead to early menopause, thereby reducing fertility. They also increase the risk of miscarriage and premature birth.


A woman’s body has tissue that grows inside the uterus (womb) during puberty to help with menstruation. Sometimes this tissue can grow outside the uterus — an area known as endometriosis. If you have endometriosis, cells from your uterus can attach to other organs in your abdomen or pelvis and bleed each month as they do inside your uterus. This can cause scarring, adhesions, and inflammation that interfere with conception.

Endometriosis mainly affects women during their childbearing years and can cause severe pain during their menstrual cycle. It’s more common in obese women and those who use IUDs (intrauterine devices) for birth control.


Certain infections can damage your reproductive organs, leading to infertility or making it difficult for you to conceive naturally. A condition like chlamydia or gonorrhea can damage your cervix, fallopian tubes, or uterus. If left untreated, the infection can cause you to become infertile until the infection is treated successfully with antibiotics. Other conditions like urinary tract infections and pelvic inflammatory disease can also cause infertility.


Stress may cause infertility in women, especially those trying to conceive naturally. The stress hormone cortisol contributes significantly to the disruption of normal hormonal levels by inhibiting ovulation. Stress causes hormonal imbalances that affect ovulation and other reproductive functions. This results in irregular menstrual cycles or amenorrhea (absence of periods). If you have been under severe stress, consult your doctor, as this could be one reason why you’re not pregnant yet!

Infertility Clinics Can Help You

Infertility clinics are the best place for women trying to conceive but are unable to do so. These clinics offer a wide range of treatments for men and women suffering from infertility issues. The latest technology helps doctors diagnose underlying causes and treat infertility using different methods like IVF and IUI. Infertility clinics have highly trained doctors who can provide you with the best possible treatment options depending on your condition.

Infertility Treatments

Infertility treatments offer a solution to women who cannot get pregnant naturally. There is no single treatment for infertility. There are several options, each with specific benefits for specific circumstances, available at fertility clinics across the country. You can opt for IVF or IUI treatment or opt for surrogacy. You can overcome your problem without undergoing invasive procedures like surgery or medications. Hormonal medications can have side effects like weight gain or mood swings.

Find the Right Infertility Clinic Today

Despite the cause of your infertility, there’s hope. You can resolve your issue and get on the journey of becoming a parent today. Infertility clinics offer various treatment options depending on your condition and age group. Look for a clinic that meets your needs and budget, is reputable, and has the best equipment and personnel.


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